Forgiving and forgetting fratricide – reconciliation in Algeria after the ‘Black Decade’

A few weeks ago, Algeria celebrated the ten year anniversary of the referendum on the Charter for Peace and National Reconciliation. The Charter was a plan towards reconciliation, after a decade of horrific civil war, put forward by President Abdelaziz Bouteflika in August 2005 and approved by more than 90 % of the population in a referendum. Despite this, the country remains fragmented. Therefore, one should perhaps not speak about a celebration of the anniversary of the referendum, but rather investigate what this measure has actually achieved.