Tunisia: Top-Down Consolidation, Top-Down Fracture

By Geoff Moore Many have congratulated Tunisia lately, deservedly so. The ‘quartet’ of civil society groups which recently won the Nobel Peace Prize has worked to move Tunisia through its transitional period following the Arab Spring and the removal of … Continue reading Tunisia: Top-Down Consolidation, Top-Down Fracture

Forgiving and forgetting fratricide – reconciliation in Algeria after the ‘Black Decade’

A few weeks ago, Algeria celebrated the ten year anniversary of the referendum on the Charter for Peace and National Reconciliation. The Charter was a plan towards reconciliation, after a decade of horrific civil war, put forward by President Abdelaziz Bouteflika in August 2005 and approved by more than 90 % of the population in a referendum. Despite this, the country remains fragmented. Therefore, one should perhaps not speak about a celebration of the anniversary of the referendum, but rather investigate what this measure has actually achieved. Continue reading Forgiving and forgetting fratricide – reconciliation in Algeria after the ‘Black Decade’